They made decisions, resolved conflicts, and maintained order by using kinship structures or lineage principles supplemented by age grades, which joined men of a particular generation together across various … Cross-cultural exchanges were fostered by the intensification of existing, or the creation of new, networks of trade and communication. Shonell Maynard In the Western Roman Empire, the fall of the west left a power vacuum that set the stage for the rise of fragmented regional kingdoms. Political Continuity), Footbinding (gained popularity during the rise of Neo Confucianism, but stayed popular throughout the post-classical period. 3.3 Increased economic productive capacity and its consequences THE WORLD CHANGES During the post classical time international trade developed far beyond the capacity of the old Silk Road. Chinese, Persian, and Indian artisans and merchants expanded their production of textiles and porcelains for export; industrial production of iron and steel expanded in China. 5/20/13 While cities in general continued to play the roles they had played in the past as governmental, religious, and commercial centers, many older cities declined at the same time that numerous new cities emerged to take on these established roles. In the second half of the eighteenth century, a reaction against Rococo style occurred. However, it would be inaccurate to categorize either gender as monolithic when talking about civilizations that spanned thousands of miles over the course of a millennium. Cultural unity became one of the leading characteristics of the Empire. However, it was another story in Southwest Asia. Fraticelli Global 9H Bach and G.F. Handel. First, a major change occurred in the Americas when the Europeans took control. Agricultural production increased significantly due to technological innovations (Champa rice varieties, chinampa field systems, Waru waru agricultural techniques in the Andean areas, Improved terracing techniques, horse collar). AP World History In The Clouds, Socrates holds the characteristics of a sarcastic atheist with no patience. Continuities: Religion continued to be important in societies and continued to spread. This body of thought perceived the idea of patriarchy as a given, established millennia ago, undeniable, unquestionable, and lastly, necessary. The expansion of EMPIRES facilitated Trans-Eurasian trade and communication as new peoples were drawn into their conquerors’ economies and trade networks. After Strepsiades swears by all gods that he’ll pay Socrates any fee in exchange for his teaching of sophistry, Socrates replies: “What do you mean, ‘the gods’? to 1450 C.E. 1. Please join StudyMode to read the full document. Google Classroom Facebook Twitter. AP World History: Modern Key Takeaways — Period 1 (1200-1450) The spread of religion, aided by the increase in trade, often acted as a unifying social force. Post-Classical China - After Han Dynasty China was broken up into three separate kingdoms - The Northern Zhou, The Chen, and The Northern Qi . During the post classical period, in the Middle East, there were many changes, such as Islam, the Umayyad and Abbasid dynasties, and women's rights. The Post-Classical Era Unit 3 ... Changes and Continuities What aspects of civilization have changed in a region from the previous time period? In the middle of the eighteenth century, contemporaneous with the mature years of Bach and Handel, a new musical style developed that is known as Rococo or preclassical style. While consistent and . Each of these trade routes yielded extremely numerous effects and implications for the future that would affect life on earth for many years to come—and these effects are similar for the major trade routes of the Silk Roads and the Indian Ocean Basin with social regards to the fact that both routes majorly influenced the significant spread of religions and, thus, cultures; however, the effects are very different with regards to the resulting opportunities for cross-cultural encounters due to the fact that the Silk Road’s spreading of epidemic disease diminished these encounters and the Indian Ocean Basin’s mastery of sailing techniques allowed for abundant trade to result in a rich plethora of cross-cultural exchange. Productivity rose in both agriculture and industry. They were not given much freedom, considering their only purpose in life... ...AP World History~Fall Semester Performance Final Exam The post classical era was marked by significant changes and continuities in terms of architectural society. A major change that did occur during this time period was the role of women throughout many different regions. The post-classical era was the time marked the end of the Holy Roman Empire to the beginning of the Age of Exploration. to 600 C.E. Continuity and change: The Post Classical Period spread of Islam Plato, being a loyal follower of Socrates, portrays him as being a very simple man who is always open to learning new wisdom. Point # Official Description Commentary Examples and Commentary 1 Thesis Has acceptable thesis. The Early Modern World 1450 - 1750 CE Review of the 9,000 years we’ve studied! to 600 C.E. the Aztecs and Incas) but Islam dominates the imperial and trade aspects of the Postclassical time period. MM/DB The Islamic civilization is a group that emerged from the Semitic groups of southwestern Asia, and moved to the Arabian peninsula in tribes, known as the Bedouin tribes, due to lack of water and food. Social and gender structures evolved in response to these changes. The Little Ice Age is tied directly to the decline in urban population. Describe what a … Surprisingly, women in post-classical North Africa even created their own military units. II. - 1450. ...Tamara Sevilla The Umayyad rose and fell with the rise of the Abbasid, cementing the Middle East as the center for trade. But was it like that in post-classical societies long ago? (2011 COMPARE-CONTRAST ESSAY TOPIC) (2014 COMPARE CONTRAST ESSAY). The introduction of Islam to the Middle East and India from 622-1450 C.E. Islam offered many attractions such as equality of Muslims within a community and a mystical relationship with one God which appealed to both the rulers and the people, yet became extremely diverse, as Islam spread throughout the Sahara and into Ghana, mixing with Animistic ideas of royal cults. Inter-regional contacts and conflicts between states and empires encouraged significant technological and cultural transfers. What are the ... – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 4d8210-NDY1O Once the Muslim raids began in India in 711 C.E. This led to the development of Classical style. They were considered the source of life and were often held in higher regard than men. .*****. In the world of painting, Rococo style is characterized by delicate colors, many decorative details, and a graceful and intimate mood. Throughout post-classical Africa, the promotion of Islamic power took place through the mandation of the religion by local kinship rulers, the diffusion of religious art in overseas trade, and the importance of the economic relationship between Sudanic states in the expansion of Islam. In the Americas, as in Afro-Eurasia, state systems expanded in scope and reach: Networks of city-states flourished in the Maya region and, at the end ofthis period, imperial systems were created by the Mexica (“Aztecs”) and Inca. Despite significant continuities in social structures and in methods of production, there were also some important changes in labor management and in the effect of religious conversion on gender relations and family life. The migration of Bantu-speaking peoples who facilitated transmission of iron technologies and agricultural techniques in Sub-Saharan Africa. • Must address both change and continuity within the time period. Social Change. The demand for slaves for both military and domestic purposes increased, particularly in central Eurasia, parts of Africa, and the eastern Mediterranean. The Bedouin Arabs intensified cultural diffusion also through trade, migration, and warfare. 2. Similarly, music in the Rococo style is homophonic and light in texture, melodic, and elaborately ornamented. The greatest continuities seen from the classical to the post-classical are seen in China and Persia. But, the major players in the Post-Classical era come from totally backwards places. Aristophanes uses satire to ridicule and criticize Socrates and the Sophists. What change occurred to the Chinese population during this time? 3. 1. Nomadic threats (attack on North China by nomads were constant throughout the post-classical period. Continuities from the classical to the post-classical period are represented by the larger empires that arose from earlier ones and the spread of classical religions like Christianity and Buddhism. The mandation and promotion of the religion by local kinship clans resulted in a rise of population in the Islamic faith throughout post-classical Africa. -1000 CE. There are some powers that are similar to the ones before and the ones after (Byzantine, China). Interactions between Humans and the Environment. The “Post-Classical Period,” was a time of change, expansion, and vast cultural diffusion. This is remedied by the little change each civilization expressed toward women. Zhou- Feudalism, Qin- Authoritarian, Han- Bureaucracy. ...The Rise of Islam in Post-Classical Africa Trade routes established in the classical period continued to grow in importance and most societies had patriarchal gender structures. Changes in political and cultural traditions during the post-classical period occurred in Africa because of intensive Islamic contact. • Both change & continu-ity must be qualified. The movement of peoples caused environmental and linguistic effects. The coming of Islam did not change the roles of women in North Africa much. In the Americas, powerful states developed in both Meso-America and the Andean region. Trade in the Post Classical Era. ; Indian 300 C.E. The Islamic Civilization encountered the cultures of the Europeans, Asians and Africans, and connected into these civilizations because of the spread of the Muslim religion. classical era. Analyze the cultural and political changes AND continuities in China during the last centuries of the classical era (100 CE - 600 CE). . Pastoral or nomadic groups played a key role in creating and sustaining these networks. -10th CENTURY. By: Bonnie McRae 1. Innovations in transportation, state policies, and mercantile practices contributed to the expansion and development of commercial networks, which in turn served as conduits for cultural, technological, and biological diffusion within and between various societies. Arabia was a name applied to the area in which the Arabian Peninsula was situated by the Greek historian Herodotus, and it was turned into a province, by the expanding Roman Empire, in 106 B.C.E. However, trade networks transformed the Afro-Eurasian world most significantly through … What political continuities persisted in China during the Post-Classical era? ...Anna Correa Mr. McKenna Global 9H 5/20/13 The Effects of the Expansion in the Post-Classical Period: The Islamic Civilization The “Post-Classical Period,” was a time of change, expansion, and vast cultural diffusion. CCOT 2012 Changes and continuities from the classical to the post-classical cover a wide range of political, cultural, religious and economic shifts as populations … The Classical period itself lasted from approximately 1775 to 1825. One sprouts out of a cave in the Arabian desert. Foundations (8000 – 600bce) Classical (600bce – 600ce) Post Classical (600ce – 1450ce) Changes & Continuities Changes & Continuities will begin to play an important role in the examination of World History. Development of the moldboard plow and the three field system. I call this era, Muslims & Mongols. In North Africa, women were actually deemed high in their society. What were the main changes and continuities in the eastern Mediterranean, between patterns during the Roman Empire and patterns in the postclassical period? 3. From 600 to 1400 C.E., two essential trade routes of the Post-Classical world were the Silk Roads and that of the Indian Ocean Basin, which were both vast networks of many ancient routes linking various destinations within their intricate systems of trade and exchange. The... ...Today, in our modern society, women are treated more or less equally with men. 2. compare the changes and continuities in southeast Asia as a result of the development of islam . Byzantine society continued to adapt to the Roman system with sturdy military organization However, Byzantine society also followed the post classical period pattern of having centralized imperial authority. Through the Post Classical era a cycle of civilizations continued until Spanish contact. The Indian Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea were trade hubs bringing … A. In both cases, this is because the vast networks of roads were a medium for merchants coming from homelands of imperially sponsored religions to trade and establish communities where they would promote their faith along the way, in order that mission... ...CLASS 1110 Second Paper Assignment Changes in trade networks resulted from and stimulated increasing productive capacity, with important implications for social and gender structures and environmental processes. They were considered inferior being and were not allowed to hold governmental or social positions. Improved transportation technologies and commercial practices led to an increased volume of trade, and expanded the geographical range of existing and newly active trade networks. to 1450 C.E.). Islam is a very prominent religion in the world for its profound values and principles. One illustrative example of regions where free peasants revolted either from the list below or an example of your choice: D. The diffusion of Buddhism, Christianity, Islam, and Neoconfucianism often led to significant changes in gender relations and family structure, Download these review materials and more HERE at Freemanpedia's site, Unit I: Neolithic Revolution & Early Civilization (to 600 BCE), Unit II: The Classical Era (600 BCE to 600 CE), Unit III: The Postclassical Era (600 CE to 1450 CE), Unit IV: The Global Convergence (1450-1750 CE), Unit V: Age of Revolution (1750 CE to 1900 CE), APUSH Unit I: Native Civilizations and First Contacts (1491 to 1607), APUSH Unit II: Colonial America (1607 to 1754), APUSH Unit III: American Revolution and Early Republic (1754 to 1800), APUSH Unit IV: Democratization, Manifest Destiny and the Market Revolution (1800-1848), AP USH Unit V: Civil War and Reconstruction (1848 to 1876), AP USH Unit VI: US Industrial Revolution and Western Migration (1865-1898), APUSH Unit VII: Early 20th Century (1900 to 1945), APUSH Unit VIII: The Cold War (1945-1989), APUSH Unit IX: Conservatism, Terrorism and the Modern Era (1980 to Present), Islam subsequently expanded through the activities of merchants and missionaries, Muslim merchant communities in the Indian Ocean region, Chinese merchant communities in Southeast Asia, Greek and Indian mathematics on Muslim scholars, return of Greek science and philosophy to Western Europe via Muslim al-Andalus in Iberia, Persian traditions that influenced Islamic States, Trade was encouraged by significant innovations in previously existing transportation and commercial technologies, including more sophisticated, Commercial growth was also facilitated by, The expansion and intensification of long-distance trade routes often depended on, Some migrations and commercial contacts led to the, In key places along important trade routes, merchants set up, Increased cross-cultural interactions also resulted in the diffusion of, The spread of epidemic diseases, including the, Following the collapse of empires, most reconstituted governments, including the Byzantine Empire and the Chinese dynasties —, In some places, new forms of governance emerged, including those developed in various. The post-classical era was the beginning of a lack of centralized government. The dynamics of change and continuity across world history Major changes: Classical empires fall leaving When Arab conquerors introduced the Islamic faith into northern Africa, they expanded the region of commerce. The Postclassical time period accounts for 20% of the AP Exam, so pay close attention to the following . In France, the term for this was style galant (gallant or elegant style) and in Germany empfindsamer stil (sensitive style). Changes and Continuities; Children's Section; Floor Plan; Post Classical Period (600 C.E. Some historians argue that the Mongols invasion was the most significant change brought on by trade networks during the Post-Classical Era. Consequently, the laws that followed this faulty perception led to the subordination of women throughout the whole of the post-classical era. As in the previous period, social structures were largely shaped by class and caste hierarchies, although patriarchy persisted. To a large degree, the Classical Era set the stage -- it introduced cultural trends, the major religious beliefs systems for many major regions and started inter-regional trade patterns. Men of societies in China, India, and Africa were seen as the capable figure more and more while women were thought of as inferior to men; this, however, still allowed heavy disagreement about whether or not women could own property their a husband’s death, or in the event of divorce and outside the walls of marriage. Empires collapsed and were reconstituted; in some regions new state forms emerged. State formation in this era demonstrated remarkable continuity, innovation and diversity in various regions. jihab was struggle. Throughout East Asia, the development of Neo-Confucianism solidified a cultural identity. The Classical Age balance of power disintegrated and new emerging political powers grew to control the remaining trade routes and cities of antiquity. Expanding networks fostered greater interregional borrowing, while at the same time sustaining regional diversity. The Baroque period culminated in the masterpieces of J.S. However, life styles and interactions changed with the introduction of Islam in the Post Classical period. The Bedouin- Arabs were people who came from the northern part of the peninsula, and inhabited the area in which the Romans resided. The dowry that women were required to produce was able to be kept in the event of... StudyMode - Premium and Free Essays, Term Papers & Book Notes. About the first millennium B.C.E, the Bedouin- Arabs engaged in caravan trade, and became... ...THE CLASSICAL PERIOD (1775-1825) 1. The fall of classical empires led to decentralization of government in China and in Europe leading up to the period of 600 C.E. What was it like in two post-classical periods, of North Africa and Southwest Asia? Rising productivity supported population growth and urbanization but also strained environmental resources and at times caused dramatic demographic swings. Major events that caused change: • Islam emerges; Islamic empire emerges ... Continuities and breaks within the period … Religion established many laws restricting women and setting the political abilities of men high. In response to increasing demand in Afro-Eurasia for foreign luxury goods, crops were transported from their indigenous homelands to equivalent climates in. Centralization eventually reoccured but not until many years later. Cultural and economic continuities included architecture and the growth of a strong trading system; however, there were changes in political systems from kinships and Persian influence to religious based kingdoms and rulers. This style is most evident in keyboard and orchestral music, but it is mentioned here because it represented a transition from the Baroque to the Classical era, occurring between 1725 and 1770. When Muslims and Mongols take center stage. ; Roman, 100 C.E. The period from 600 C.E to 1450 is often referred to as the Post Classical period. There was continued diffusion of crops and pathogens throughout the Eastern Hemisphere along the trade routes. brought cultural, political, and economic continuities and changes to these societies. states and political ideas- Basically there was a huge change in politics. Whether or not a woman could hold onto their dowry or even control the inheritance of their male counterpart generated similarities between China and the Islamic world after 600 CE. The Effects of the Expansion in the Post-Classical Period: The Islamic Civilization Key Concepts: Terms in this set (10) Thesis. It spread quickly through practices of trade, warfare, and diffusion characteristic of this period. in southwest asia during the post classical period there were more changes in culture because they took the region Islam. 2 December 2012 Click for more info on Polynesian Migrations . Welcome to the Post-classical time period . Pastoral peoples in Eurasia built powerful and distinctive empires that integrated people and institutions from both the pastoral and agrarian worlds. Elements like religion, philosophy or literature changed their perspectives during Hellenistic years but used the starting material of Classical Times. One single body of thought has influenced post-classical society’s view of gender roles. They lived in autonomous tribes and survived by raiding passing caravans, sheepherding, and gaining the domestication of the camel. 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These and other civilizations began and taxes by staging revolts industrial production in many regions well, with a of! Were treated as property changed with the introduction of Islam did not change the roles of women the! Crops and pathogens throughout the eastern Mediterranean, between patterns during the rise of population in the time!
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